Frequently Asked Questions in Carbon Trading How does the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (the “EU ETS” – also referred to as CCTS, and CDM) affect the Waste Industry? First of all – both hazardous and municipal waste incinerators will not be subject to the scheme. However, the burning of landfill gas (either on its own […]
Landfill Gas Management is an important necessity at most landfills receiving degradable wastes such as MSW and many non-hazardous industrial wastes. It is necessary to extract landfill gas in order to prevent it from migrating away from the landfill.
Landfill gas (LFG), a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide, has the potential to cause harm to human health, via explosion or asphyxiation, and to cause environmental damage such as crop failure. It also has a significant climate changing effect in the world’s atmosphere.
Examples of all three have occurred both within and outside landfills and are discussed here.
Landfill Gas Management is applying good practice techniques for extracting and controlling LFG. All are are now reasonably well established and in common use, and are discussed in this category.
The Landfill Gas Biofilter – Developing Bio-oxidation Filter Technology for Landfill Gas Treatment During the Long Period of Dwindling Gas Yields at Modern Sanitary Landfills (This article is based upon a paper ref: M. Huber-Humer; Dwindling Landfill Gas – Relevance and Aftercare Approaches; 2nd Boku Waste Conference 2007, Institute of Waste Management, BOKU.) The production and […]
There are at least 5 methods of siloxane removal from biogas which have been used. This remarkable range of methods is described below. First, we will define what siloxane is and explain why it needs to be removed: Siloxane removal from biogas is imperative to guarantee a consistent performance of frequently used machinery. Machinery like […]
Landfill gas explosions taught the UK waste management industry of the very real dangers of methane gas through hard experience. The industry learnt from a series of accidents, some of which are described below, plus a disaster in the water industry. That disaster was the Abbeystead Disaster which was caused by a methane explosion in […]
Health Effects of Landfill and Landfill Gas The context for the “Emissions and Health Impacts Associated with Waste Management” report, is a UK Government Strategy Unit Report commissioned to assess health effect of landfill (if any was found to exist) from Enviros Consulting. This report was prepared at the request of the Strategy Unit at the UK Cabinet […]
Greenhouse Gas Generation – Landfilling and Incineration Compared So, you want to know which is better for the planet’s greenhouse gas emissions – Landfills or Incineration? When waste is incinerated, two greenhouse gases are produced, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. The IPCC has produced detailed guidance on what counts as greenhouse gas and what does not. […]
How Long Will It Take Before a Sanitary Landfill Stops Producing Landfill Gas? Researchers in landfill gas management who have observed landfill gas generation rates in modern sanitary landfills, and how these vary with time, suggest that: Landfill gas generation rates increase very rapidly after the onset of gas generation (known as methanogenesis), in a […]
Landfill gas cut-off Trenches can be successfully used for landfill gas migration control where landfill gas is escaping from a landfill underground and threatening to enter properties, or causing the die-back of trees and vegetation on the landfill perimeter. Landfill Gas Cut-Off Trenches Landfill Gas Cut-Off Trenches can be a simple, and when designed correctly, […]
Understanding the hazards of landfill gas and evaluating the risks in relation to the location and form of building development, is fundamental to arriving at a successful and safe design strategy. The major hazards of landfill gas with respect to building development are summarized as follows: (a) Flammabilily hazards of landfill gas Landfill gas is […]
Landfill gas (biogas) released from landfills contains small quantities of siloxane. It can also be found in biogas from sewage treatment plants. A siloxane is any chemical compound composed of elements of the form R2SiO, where R is a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group. They belong to a wide class of compounds known as […]